470 W.K. Vanderbilt Avenue, Carrières-sous-Poissy, Île-de-France
This house is best associated with...
William Kissam Vanderbilt
W.K. Vanderbilt I, Railroad President & Racehorse Owner, of New York & France
Abraham Kingsley Macomber
A. Kingsley Macomber, F.R.G.S., American Racehorse Owner, of Poissy, France
The Vanderbilts commissioned Henri Guillaume to build them a surprisingly modest chateau in the style of Louis XIII. The French workers were stunned when they paid for a temporary wooden structure to house them during bouts of poor weather. As for the Vanderbilts, while the works took place they lived in a steel structure shipped over from the States lined with cork to insulate them from the cold and noise. It still stands today.
The Vanderbilts were looked after by a retinue of household staff including Mrs Vanderbilt's lady's maid, Madame Edmée, and Monsieur Maes, the electrician. Along with the post that was delivered to them everyday also came Mrs Vanderbilt's hairdresser, and on Mondays a man from the village would come up specifically to set the clocks!
Again to the amazement of the French, there was electricity and both the chateau and the stables were centrally heated. Two diesel motors kept them, their horses, and their workers warm during the winter, and provided ice and refrigeration in the summer. They spent a million francs on the 10-acres of gardens landscaped by Eugène Touret, with aviaries for exotic birds and large greenhouses full of vegetables, plants and flowers, all maintained by 10 full-time gardeners. A long path (the Chemin Plat, now known as the Avenue Vanderbilt), separated the chateau from the horse racing facilities.
A Facility par Excellence
Already existing were three oval tracks: a turf track of 2,400m (roughly 1.5 miles/12 Furlongs); and, dirt tracks of 1,200m and 800m, all with stands for trainers and spectators. They rebuilt the stable complex in the best quality for 150-horses and a stone water tower on the banks of the River Seine was built not only for cleaning out the stables, but also for wetting the dirt tracks to keep the dust down. The Vanderbilts employed a staff of 120 and 10% of the village populace. Fifty of those were stable boys for whom they provided their own school on the premises, run by one Mme. Laurence.
It was here that many of the most famous racehorses of the day were trained (eg. McKinley, Maintenon, Sea Sick and Negofol etc.) and in 1905 Vanderbilt helped the third Aga Khan's then fledgling interest in racing take off by giving him a tour of Poissy: "Mr. Vanderbilt said to me, I think you'll get more pleasure out of a free run of my stables than out of a free run of my house". Vanderbilt's vast investment in racing didn't cover his costs, but certainly covered him in glory: he took the Prix du Jockey Club three times.
The Macomber's Encumbrance
World War I saw the stables closed down, but all the staff whether drafted or not were kept on full pay. At the conclusion of the war, the Vanderbilts retired to Paris and sold their entire horse racing operation, including all the horses, Poissy, and Quesnay to another pair of American racing enthusiasts, A. Kingsley Macomber, and his wife, the oil heiress Myrtle Harkness. They built an extra wing onto the chateau to house their many trophies and their friend Ernest Hemingway was a not infrequent guest. However, the Crash of 1929 hit Macomber's fortune and a year later they shut down all operations here.
The chateau was left abandoned and the tracks and stables were reclaimed for agricultural purposes. It later became a shabby headquarters for the local quarry but in 2014, it was given a new lease of life by the town when it was re-opened as a communal center for digital art. Today it is known as the Château Éphémère, a "digital and sound factory".
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