This house is best associated with...
William Collins Whitney
William C. Whitney, of New York; U.S. Secretary of the Navy
Harry Payne Whitney
Harry Payne Whitney, of New York
Mrs Gertrude (Vanderbilt) Whitney
The Manse was built on a 1000-acre estate (that included a race track and gold course) that Whitney had purchased in the 1890s both as a convenient country retreat and a place to rear his thoroughbred horses. The property is noted for the vast complex of stables (850 feet long, 60 feet wide with a depth of a 100 feet) put up by a team of 75 carpenters. Unfortunately for Whitney, his second wife, Edith
, died following a fall from her hourse while riding to hounds on the estate, three years before the house was finished.
Just two years after its completion, Whitney also died and the estate was left to his eldest son, Harry Payne Whitney (1872-1930)
. Harry was the husband of Gertrude Vanderbilt (1875-1942)
who was more than just a society heiress, she was also the exceedingly talented sculptor who founded the Whitney Museum of American Art
Harry and Gertrude recalled McKim, Mead & White to undertake a few alterations to the not-so-old house between 1906 and 1910. They two separate new buildings, one that housed an indoor pool and tennis court, and another that was Gertrude's studio. The studio was built in the Palladian-style with its own furnace that looked out over formal gardens. Their only son, Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney (1899-1992)
, recalled growing up at The Manse in his memoirs High Peaks (1977)
My boyhood home was a glorious country estate... a big red brick house situated on top of a hill, with rolling green pastures to the south and a wild forest to the north. Dominating the estate was a brick tower that stood two hundred feet high with a windmill on top, supplying us with water from a well in the sands below. We had a stable full of horses, a good-sized kennel, an outdoor tennis court and swimming pool, and an indoor gymnasium replete with bowling alley and squash court. And those rolling green pastures to the south of the house were dotted with fruit trees, a huge vegetable garden, a herd of Jersey cows, and lots of chickens, pigs, and pigeons. In those days there was always ample help to maintain an estate of that size.
Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney (1899-1992)
grew up to become a co-founder of Pan-Am Airlines and the co-producer of several well-known movies including Gone with the Wind
in 1939. Perhaps with that film in mind, in 1942 he knocked down The Manse in favor of building a 30-room plantation-style manor designed by Delano & Aldrich which is today the clubhouse for the Old Westbury Golf & Country Club